Glenn Sandström, Livia Oláh, Mojgan Padyab, Lena Karlsson, Anders Brändström

This project addresses how the composition of the mid-life single-living population has changed in terms of gender and family status, socioeconomic conditions and geographic distribution; how the welfare and health differentials between mid-life persons living alone and living with others have changed; how pathways to single living in mid-life -- death of a spouse, separation/divorce, non-partnering, childlessness – have changed over time and across cohorts; the extent to which these differentials and changes vary by gender, socioeconomic conditions and geographic location; and the extent to which individuals living alone have nearby kin as potential sources of social support, and how this vary by gender, socioeconomic status and geographical area.


  1. Oláh L., Karlsson, L., Sandström, G. 2021. Living-Apart-Together (LAT) in Contemporary Sweden: (How) Does It Relate to Vulnerability? Journal of Family Issues.
  2. Artamonova, A., Brandén,M., Gillespie, B.J., Mulder, C.H. 2021. Adult children's gender, number and proximity and older parents’ moves to institutions: evidence from Sweden. Ageing & Society, DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X21000556
  3. Brändström, A.Sandström, G. 2021. Retirement, Home Care and the Importance of Gender. Historical Life Course Studies (in press 2021)
  4. Sandström, G., Namatovu, F., Ineland, J., Larsson, D., Ng, N., Stattin, M. 2020. The Persistence of High Levels of Living Alone Among Adults with Disabilities in Sweden, 1993–2011. Population Research and Policy Review.
  5. Sandström, G.Karlsson, L. 2019. Gender gaps and educational differences in living alone across Europe. N-IUSSP Magazine.
  6. Padyab, M., Reher, D., Requena, M., Sandström, G. 2019. Going it alone in later life: A comparative analysis of elderly women in Sweden and Spain. Journal of Family Issues 40(8): 1038-1064. 0192513X19831334. doi:1177/0192513X19831334. Also presented at the 2018 annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Denver Colorado, April 26-28.
  7. Requena, M, Reher, D., Padyab, M., Sandström, G. 2019. Women living alone in later life. A multi-country comparative analysis. Population Space and Place: e2269. DOI: 10.1002/psp.2269. Also presented at the 2018 European Population Conference, Brussels, Belgium, June 6-9.
  8. Sandström, G., Karlsson, L. 2019. The educational gradient of living alone: A comparison among the working-age population in Europe. Demographic Research 40(55): 1645-1670. DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2019.40.55. Also presented at the 2019 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Austin Texas, April 10-13.

Manuscripts and peer-reviewed conference presentations

  • Sandström, G., Namatovu, F., Ineland, J., Larsson, D., Ng, N., Stattin, M. 2019. The persistence of high levels of living alone among adults with disabilities in Sweden, 1993-2011.
  • Oláh, L., Karlsson, L., Sandström, G. 2019. Committed to independence: An exploratory study of living apart together in contemporary Sweden. The 21st Nordic Demographic Symposium in Reykjavik on June 13-15. 
  • König, S., Padyab, M., Roug, F., Sandström, G. 2018. Health and health care disparities among elderly in Sweden and Japan: A comparative study on the role of family systems and living arrangements. MIRAI Seminar, Sustainable Social System and Technology for Ageing Society, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, October 9-12.